Customer Inquiry
Yurii Maletin
Last visit date 19 May 2010
Alexander Shnaydruk
Last visit date 15 December 2011

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Why ultracapacitors?

There is sad statistics: some 85% of energy consumption in the world is covered by the burning of fossil fuels - oil, gas and coal - and projections suggest that oil and gas reserves will be able to satisfy the needs of humanity for 50 - 60 more years. And then what? Beginning of the crisis is already in view, especially if you compare prices at gas stations today and some 20 years ago.

So, the prices for petrol have been rising, the amount of petrol is decreasing and this trend will proceed ... until petrol disappears completely. And what in return?  In fact, various chemical energy sources may come into play. Some ideas have already been probed in hybrid cars and electric vehicles. To understand what kind of power supply may be the most promising it is useful to compare them in terms of specific energy (i.e. energy per unit mass), the ability to produce necessary power (i.e. energy per unit time), the number of recharge cycles, working temperature range, etc.


Consumer Needs


It is widely adopted to estimate the energy in Watt-hours (Wh) and therefore energy density - in Wh/kg. Lithium-ion batteries undoubtedly hold the first place amount commercially available energy storage systems in terms of specific energy -  the energy density reaches 150 - 200 Wh / kg which is greater than can be obtained from commonly used lead-acid batteries (30 – 50 Wh/kg).  It is true, however, that some energy sources are known to have much higher stored energy. Among them there are fuel cells with specific energy up to 950 Wh / kg and recently emerged  lithium-air elements with specific energy up to 1500 Wh / kg (the market is not aware of them yet!).


Of course, the consumer would like to have a cycle life of the accumulator up to hundreds of thousands of recharging cycles. And this is not just a whim. For instance, in modern micro-hybrids equipped with start-stop systems the engine needs to start and stop many times while the car toils its way thought the traffic jams… and no one would want to change the battery every two to three months.


There are other suggestions to improve the batteries when they are used in electric and hybrid vehicles: a good idea would be to increase the horsepower so that the vehicle could accelerate quickly… it is also good to extend the working temperature range ... that all would be good ... but the nature of the electrochemical processes is a hard thing to change. One of the solutions to many problems with batteries – assembling them together with ultracapacitors.


Ultracapacitors Can Help!


This new name - ultracapacitor (supercapacitor, electric double layer capacitor) – has just recently come to the lexicon of experts in the field of energy storage. Ultracapacitors are produced based on the special nanoporous electrode materials with a huge surface area – on the order of thousands of square meters per gram! Ultracapacitors differ from conventional capacitors in that the former have significantly higher specific energy - two to three orders of magnitude larger. And although batteries are still superior over ultracapacitors in the specific energy characteristics, the latter outperform batteries when it comes to power. Besides, the ultracapacitors can survive enormous number of charge / discharge cycles – up to a million and they can successfully operate at temperatures from -50 to +70 oC.



High power density (due to the low internal resistance), wide operating temperature range and virtually unlimited cycling - these benefits are attractive not only for car manufacturers. In recent years the ultracapacitor began invading various market niches, either as stand-alone systems, or in a combination with batteries. Some examples are:


Already In Use...


Japanese company NEC Tokin paralleled small ultracapacitors with lithium-ion batteries in digital cameras, cell phones and laptops - and increased battery life-time by 1,5 – 2 times. This is not surprising since all the power load peaks (although very short – but still harmful to the batteries) were dumped by the ultracapacitors.


Chinese company Aowei has already been producing electric city-buses for over four years. The only source of energy for such buses is the utlracapacitor module which recharges at every bus-stop. The overall mileage of these buses counts more than 20 million kilometers.


The German company AEG offered the use of ultracapacitors for smoothing peak loads on the batteries in portable electric drill and other consumer electronics devices. Such drills used to get stuck when encountering harder area because the accumulators would not cope with the extra load. Now the problem is solved at the expense of the ultracapacitors taking care of the extra power needed to drill through harder areas.


The company ELITE manufactures ultracapacitors for car audio equipment. Pleasant sounding of low frequencies with overtones can be hardly achieved by using only conventional accumulators. In this situation the ultracapacitors also help.


Very promising example of the ultracapacitors application is their use with batteries for alternative energy sources such as wind turbines and solar panels.

Perhaps enough examples for this time… A lot of issues in the field of energy storage can be solved by ultracapacitors and the market in now ready to accept this technology.  It is just needed to start producing good ultracapacitors… The Yunasko team is working hard to achieve this goal.


Written by: Yurii Maletin, Andrii Buvailo

As Featured On EzineArticles

Yunasko symmetric and hybrid ultracapacitors possess superior specific characteristics over existing competitor analogues

Together with Mr. Vadim Utkin, CEO at Yunasko, we recently took part in the 21st EDLC seminar in Florida in Dec 5-7 (see: ), where I presented the most recent test results for symmetric carbon-carbon EDLC devices (480, 1200 and 1500 F) and for hybrid devices (4000 and 8000 F). Performance of YUNASKO devices was also verified by Dr. Andrew F. Burke (Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis, CA) and by Dr. John R. Miller (JME Inc., Cleveland, OH). Dr. Burke also presented comparative test results for most advanced EDLC’s, hybrid devices and Li-ion batteries. As can be seen from seminar presentations, YUNASKO carbon-carbon EDLC’s demonstrate much lower inner resistance and, correspondingly, much higher power density than any competing devices, also resulting in their cost efficiency. YUNASKO hybrid devices demonstrate significantly larger energy density (up to 30 W.h/kg) than competing hybrids keeping at the same time the power density about 3 kW/kg @95% efficiency.



Optimal Market Niches for High-Power Ultracapacitors in Automotive and Mass-Transit Applications

This presentation was given at Advanced Automotive Battery Europe 2011, in the framework of ECCAP Symposium - Large EC Capacitor Technology and Application symposium.

As shown in our experiments and computer simulations, low inner resistance of UC devices plays a key role in many applications, in particular, in automotive ones, wherein various series or parallel combinations of UC’s with batteries can effectively be used. Optimal market niches for high-power UC’s can be applications, where power profile has pulses with the duration of up to 10 seconds. Results of comparative testing of various UC devices, which were carried out in the Institute of Transportation Studies (UC Davis, USA) recently, clearly demonstrate that YUNASKO UC’s provide the lowest inner resistance and highest power density as compared with any competing devices. This, in its turn, also implies mass and cost reduction (for detail see our presentation at AABC, Mainz, June 6-10, 2011).

Detailed presentation: Optimal Market Niches for High-Power Ultracapacitors in Automotive and Mass-Transit Applications